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PRE-K PROGRAM BENEFITS STILL EVIDENT IN HIGH SCHOOL (JULY 2022)

The latest CROCUS study of Tulsa’s universal pre-K program finds that pre-K alumni do better on several key indicators than a comparable group of students who attended neither pre-K nor Head Start. The study, just published in the journal CHILD DEVELOPMENT “Does early childhood education help to improve high school outcomes? Results from Tulsa” (.pdf), followed students through the end of their junior year in high school. Sara Amadon of Child Trends is the lead author.

Magnet School Research in Tulsa (August 2021)

Racial disparities in school discipline practices are widespread. Often, Black students are three times as likely to be suspended as white students. Tulsa’s magnet middle schools have eliminated these differences, though its traditional middle schools have not. See a new study by Karin Kitchens (Virginia Tech) and NaLette Brodnax (Georgetown University), “Race, School Discipline, and Magnet Schools,” published in AERA Open.

The “sustaining environments” hypothesis predicts that pre-K’s positive impacts on children are more likely to be sustained if reinforced by nurturing and stimulating environments K-12. Tulsa’s magnet middle schools fit that description. See a study by Karin Kitchens (Virginia Tech), William Gormley (Georgetown), and Sara Anderson (Child Trends), “Do better schools help to prolong early childhood education effects? published in the Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology.

December 2020 — CROCUS celebrates two decades of Pre-K research in Tulsa, Oklahoma

In the fall of 2001, Georgetown University’s Center for Research on Children in the U.S. (CROCUS) launched a pioneering study of Tulsa, Oklahoma’s universal pre-K program, which provides high-quality pre-K to all 4-year-olds irrespective of income. (see a one page summary of that research). Journal articles, policy briefs, and news reports can be found (above) on this website.

The CROCUS team is currently studying the effects of Tulsa’s early childhood education programs on high school outcomes. Soon they hope to determine whether Tulsa’s early childhood education programs yield higher high school graduation rates and higher college enrollment rates.
Stay tuned!



Center for Research on Children in the U.S. (CROCUS) – Since its founding in 2001, CROCUS faculty and students have worked on a variety of projects relating to children and public policy. Many of them have focused on early childhood education, including pre-K, child care, and Head Start. A joint venture between the McCourt School of Public Policy and the Department of Psychology at Georgetown University, CROCUS is directed by William Gormley (University Professor, Professor of Government & Public Policy) and Deborah Phillips (Professor of Psychology). Over the years, funding has come from: the Foundation for Child Development, the Heising-Simons Foundation, the Smith Richardson Foundation, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation, the Pew Charitable Trusts (through NIEER), the Spencer Foundation, the Stranahan Foundation, the A.L. Mailman Family Foundation, and the National Institute for Child Health and Development.